The Global Partnership on Marine Litter (GPML) is a voluntary open-ended partnership for international agencies, Governments, businesses, academia, local authorities, nongovernmental organizations and individuals. The Marine Litter Network has been designed to facilitate collaboration among supporting partners.
The GPML was launched during the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, Rio + 20 in June 2012. It builds on the Honolulu Strategy, a global framework for tackling marine litter, which was presented at the Fifth International Marine Debris Conference held in Honolulu, Hawaii in 2011. The United Nations Environment Programme provides the Secretariat for the GPML in line with the mandate received in the ‘Manila Declaration on Furthering the Implementation of the Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-based Activities’.
The GPML, besides being supportive of the Global Partnership on Waste Management, seeks to protect human health and the global environment by the reduction and management of marine litter as its main goal, through several specific objectives.
- To reduce the impacts of marine litter worldwide on economies, ecosystems, animal welfare and human health.
- To enhance international cooperation and coordination through the promotion and implementation of the Honolulu Strategy – a global framework for the prevention and management of marine debris, as well as the Honolulu Commitment – a multi-stakeholder pledge.
- To promote knowledge management, information sharing and monitoring of progress on the implementation of the Honolulu Strategy.
- To promote resource efficiency and economic development through waste prevention (e.g. 4Rs (reduce, re-use, recycle and re-design) and by recovering valuable material and/or energy from waste.
- Increase awareness on sources of marine litter, their fate and impacts.
- To assess emerging issues related to the fate and potential influence of marine litter, including (micro) plastics uptake in the food web and associated transfer of pollutants and impacts on the conservation and welfare on marine fauna.
For more information on the partnership and GPML factsheet please see here.